London 1899-1900

Map showing Places of Religious Worship, Public Elementary Schools, and Houses Licensed for the Sale of Intoxicating Drinks.

Colour-printed lithograph, prepared by Stanford's Geographical Establishment, issued with the final volume of Life and Labour of the People by Charles Booth, published 1902.

Excellent condition throughout. Original folds, as issued.

Image size: 24 3/4" x 36" plus margins

External dimensions of frame: 28 1/2" x 39 1/2"

Extent of map: N: London Fields; S: Greenwich Hospital; E: East India Docks; W: St James's Park

A fascinating supplementary map to Booth's poverty survey which encapsulates his preoccupations with religious influences, education and the effects of alcohol. In a development of his colour-coded scheme to indicate the relative wealth and poverty, here Booth uses a variety of symbols in red, black and blue and a similar scheme of sub-division to illustrate his findings. Places of worship (in red) are clearly distinguished between Church of England; Church of England Mission; Roman Catholic Church; Noncomformist Church; Noncomformist and Unsectarian Mission; and Jewish Synagogue. Schools, either Board or Elementary, are depicted in blue. However, the minutiae of sub-division is reserved for the houses selling intoxicating liquor (depicted in diabolical black): Fully licensed houses; Beer houses with "on" or "off" license; Beerhouse with "off" license; Grocers with license to retail wine, beer or spirit in bottles; Restaurant with wine, beer or spirit license but without a "bar". A further note explains the differences between these establishments. Ominously, Booth states that "Licensed houses in the City of London are omitted", otherwise, presumably, the sheer volume of drinking establishments would have rendered the Square Mile totally black.





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